Perinatal outcome in terminal oligohydramnios

Rajeshree Tukaram Patil, Renuka Vivekanand Patil
2017 Asian Journal of Medical Sciences  
<p><strong>Background of the Study: </strong>Amniotic fluid or liquor, the fluid around the developing fetus serves various functions. A balance of formation and reabsorption of this fluid has to be maintained. The amniotic fluid volume (AFV) undergoes changes during pregnancy. Oligohydramnios is a condition in which the AFV decreases and is associated with conditions like renal agenesis, placental dysfunction, congenital anomalies, anemia, PIH, hypoxia. Its effects depend on the duration of
more » ... the duration of pregnancy. But when AFV decreases terminally, the chances of having a normal baby are more.</p><p><strong>Aims and Objective: </strong>This study was aimed to find the perinatal outcome in terms of LSCS and instrumental deliveries, needs for induction, neonatal mortality, low apgars, meconium staining, NICU admissions in women with oligohydramnios occurring after 34 weeks of pregnancy.</p><p><strong>Materials and Methods: </strong>A prospective observational study included women with singleton pregnancy admitted with intact membranes after 34 weeks. AFV was calculated by USG.</p><p><strong>Results: </strong>Less number of women had AF Index less than 5 cm but as AFV decreases risk of LSCS increases and spontaneous onset of labor ends mostly with vaginal deliveries. Amniotic fluid Index less than 5 cm increases the risk of low Apgar, septicaemia and neonatal mortality. Although Apgar was low at 1 min, it improved at 5 min suggesting a good adaption outside utero.</p><p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>Low AF Index (as determined by USG)in last trimester was associated with increased risk of adverse perinatal outcome like operative delivery, fetal distress, NICU, low apgar, septicemia, neonatal mortality. Here, Doppler can relieve obstetrician stress in decision making and amnioinfusion in selected cases can reduce operative morbidity. Parameters like risk of septicemia and effects in extremes of maternal age need to be evaluated further in a larger number of cases.</p><p><span>Asian Journal of Medical Sciences Vol.8(6) 2017 35-39</span></p>
doi:10.3126/ajms.v8i6.18333 fatcat:fdzdxxe4f5dshacn2rhm2lnely