Immunohistochemical Reactivity of Prostate-Specific Markers for Salivary Duct Carcinoma
NKX3.1, a transcription factor related to androgen expression, has recently been introduced as a diagnostic marker of prostate adenocarcinoma. Salivary duct carcinoma (SDC) is typically positive for androgen receptor (AR). Therefore, we hypothesized that NKX3.1 is a new immunohistochemical marker for SDC and aimed to investigate whether NKX3.1 staining in combination with other immunomarkers of prostate carcinoma could have a diagnostic or prognostic value in SDC. Materials obtained from 42
... btained from 42 resected SDCs were examined by immunohistochemistry using antibodies against AR, NKX3.1, α-methylacyl-CoA racemase (AMACR), prostatic acid phosphatase (PAP), and prostate-specific antigen (PSA). In immunoreactivity among SDC cases, 81.0, 35.7, 58.5, 33.3, and 0% were positive for AR, NKX3.1, AMACR, PAP, and PSA, respectively. AMACR and PAP immunoreactivity rates were higher in recurrence cases than in cases with no recurrence. NKX3.1 expression is useful for SDC diagnosis, but decreased NKX3.1 expression was not correlated with SDC progression. The immunoreactivity of AMACR and PAP could be useful for assessing prognosis in SDC, but immunohistochemical staining of prostate-specific markers should be interpreted with caution when determining whether a metastatic tumor is of prostate origin, especially when patients have a history of SDC.