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Proceedings of 1st Electronic Conference on Universe
The recent Planck Legacy (PL18) release revealed the presence of an enhanced lensing amplitude in the cosmic microwave background (CMB). Notably, this amplitude is higher than that estimated by the lambda cold dark matter model (ΛCDM), which endorses a positively curved early Universe with a confidence level greater than 99%. In this study, quantised spacetime worldlines are utilised to model the evolution of the Universe with reference to the scale factor of the early Universe and its radiusdoi:10.3390/ecu2021-09291 fatcat:qv5xy4jn65c45h56mb2bvmydtm