On dual convergence of the distributed Newton method for Network Utility Maximization
IEEE Conference on Decision and Control and European Control Conference
The existing distributed algorithms for Network Utility Maximization (NUM) problems mostly rely on dual decomposition and first-order (gradient or subgradient) methods, which suffer from slow rate of convergence. Recent works  and  proposed an alternative distributed Newton-type second-order algorithm for solving NUM problems with selfconcordant utility functions. This algorithm is implemented in the primal space and involves for each primal iteration computing the dual variables using
... finitely terminated iterative scheme obtained through novel matrix splitting techniques. These works presented a convergence rate analysis for the primal iterations and showed that if the error level in the Newton direction (resulting from finite termination of dual iterations) is below a certain threshold, then the algorithm achieves local quadratic convergence rate to an error neighborhood of the optimal solution. This paper builds on these works and presents a convergence rate analysis for the dual iterations that enables us to explicitly compute at each primal iteration the number of dual steps that can satisfy the error level. This yields for the first time a fully distributed second order method for NUM problems with local quadratic convergence guarantee. Simulation results demonstrate significant convergence rate improvement of our algorithm, even when only one dual update is implemented per primal iteration, relative to the existing first-order methods based on dual decomposition.