Specific Temporal Profile of Matrix Metalloproteinase Release Occurs in Patients After Myocardial Infarction: Relation to Left Ventricular Remodeling

C. S. Webb, D. D. Bonnema, S. H. Ahmed, A. H. Leonardi, C. D. McClure, L. L. Clark, R. E. Stroud, W. C. Corn, L. Finklea, M. R. Zile, F. G. Spinale
2006 Circulation  
Background-Changes in matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) and tissue inhibitors of MMPs (TIMPs) contribute to left ventricular (LV) remodeling after myocardial infarction (MI). We tested the hypothesis that a specific plasma MMP/TIMP profile would emerge after MI and be associated with the degree of LV dilation. Methods and Results-LV end-diastolic volume and MMP/TIMP plasma profiles were determined in 53 age-matched control subjects and 32 post-MI patients from day 1 through 180 after MI. LV
more » ... stolic volume increased by Ͼ38% at day 90 after MI (PϽ0.05). MMP-9 increased by Ͼ150% from control at day 1 after MI (PϽ0.05) and remained elevated. MMP-8 rose to Ͼ120% at day 3 after MI (PϽ0.05) and fell to control values by day 5. TIMP-1 increased by Ͼ60% from control at day 1 after MI (PϽ0.05), whereas TIMP-2 increased only at later time points. Cardiac-specific TIMP-4 fell by 40% at day 5 after MI and remained reduced. A persistent or elevated MMP-9 at day 5 was accompanied by a 3-fold end-diastolic volume increase at day 28 (PϽ0.05). Conclusions-A specific temporal pattern of MMP/TIMPs occurred in post-MI patients that included an early and robust rise in MMP-9 and MMP-8 and a uniform fall in TIMP-4. These findings suggest that a specific MMP/TIMP plasma profile occurs after MI and holds both prognostic and diagnostic significance. (Circulation. 2006;114:1020-1027.
doi:10.1161/circulationaha.105.600353 pmid:16923753 fatcat:bliwb2dopzcfzlmwbwmdvt32si