To Clean Oil Paint

1848 Scientific American  
Those who are desirous of making their own Syru ps, i nstead of paying exorbitant prices for adulterated mixtures, may r ely upon the following as be i ng ge nu i ne . roses 64 parts ; senna leaves 64 par ts ; anni seed 64 p arts ; white sugar 1000 parts ; ho ney 1000 parts . Slice the sarsaparilla and in fuse it in 6000 p ar ts of water for 24 h ours ; boil for a q uarter of an hfilur and strai n ; boil tbe resid ue with 5000 partli of water a second and a third time, and p ou r tbe last
more » ... ou r tbe last boiling de coction u p on t h e borage , senna, roses and an niseed ; infuse fo r t wel ve hours, and express Dec ant all the liqu ors , and evap o rate to 3000 par ts . Allow the c once ntrated solution to de p osi t ; decant ; add the sugar and boney, amI. m ake into a syru p, w h i c h cl ar ify with the white of eggs, and strain. JIII CHANICAL 1Il0VE MI1lNTS. Circular and Traverse Motion. This is a mod i fication of traverse motion, produc ed (rom the revolutions of the revolv ing arms, which strike alternately u pon blocks fixed u pon the traversing bar. There is a slot in th e traveriiibg bar which allows it to move on the axle of the re vol ving arms. Each arm strikes the upper block and drives the bar ta the right, th en the lower block and d rives the bar to the l eft, thus operating the bar, produ c i ng a traverse from a c ircular motion. The principle is clear, al th ou gh the contrivance is swee tened to the tas�e. As the beer IS drank out of the vessel, add sweetened water every nigh t. When the corn is first used , the drink will be sometimes thick and oily ; throw th is away, and add more sweetened water. A few trials will give to any houseke eper tbe k n o wledge as to sugar, and a few days will gi v e the quantity of sweetened wate r to add each nigbt, after the last draught be taken. Ana how many gallo ns of beer will th ese th ree p ints of corn make during the year ? Multiply each day by full two gal lon s, an d we guess you w ill come near it. The three pints will dl} f or twelve months constant use. 1. Takfl of coarse sugar 10 pounds ; water 3 pints D issol ve the sugar in the water with a ge ntle h eat. 2 Take of pure sugar 10 pounds ; boiling water 3 p i nts . Dissolve the sugar in th e wa ter with the aid of a gentle heat. 3. In Ir.aking syru p s , for wl.ich neither tbe weight of the sugar nor the mode of dissol vi r. g it is specified, the fol lowing r u le is to be ob served :-Takp. of refined sugar reduced to· a fine p o wder, 29 ounces ; the liquor prescrired 1 pint. Add the sugar by degrees, and digest with a moderate heat, in a close ves.el, u ntil it is dissolve d, fre quently s tirri n g it ; lIet the solution aside for twenty-four h ours , take off tbe scum , a nd pour off t he syrup fr of[". the fe ces, if th ere be any. 4. Take of sugar 2k p ou nds ; water a p i n t . Dissol ve the sugar in the water with the aid o f heat, lemove any scum which may form, and strain the solution while hot. 5. Tal,e of pure s ugar 600 p arts ; wate r suffici en t ; wbites of t wo eggs B eat the al bumen witb 3 000 parts of w ater, and add two th irds of th e mixture to t h e sugar in a cap pel' v essel , toge t h e l' with 1000 parts o f water ; h eat over a ge ntle fire u n til the sugar is dissolved, stirring from t im e to time, and t aki n g care tbal it does not boil before th e solution is com plete ; when it froths u p d amp the fire, and acd by d egrees tbe s olution ot albumen in re serve, remove the scum froRl time to time, and e vap or at e until it bas a sp eci fic gravity of 1260 while boiling. 4. Simple.-Take of alcoholic extract of sarsap arilla 192 parts ; water 2000 parts ; white sugar 4000 p ar ts . Dissolve the extract in tbe water with the aid of a ge ntle heat ; filter the solution while w arm , add the sugar, and form mto a syru p . not very fine, and b�side i t is somew bat an-Practical Receipt. . I tique , but more valuable on that account by Prepared by a German Chemist fo r the I some. Scienti jir .Ilmerican. To Polish Fine Furniture. , Vertical Rnd Horizontal Revolving 1\1 .... tlon. The si mple st and best thing for p oli.hi ng fine parlor fu rniture is milk. After cleaning th e furniture (rom dust and dirt, fresh milk, ·N hich h as not been slu m med , is �pread upon the wood , which is then rubbed with a fine woolen rag, u n til i� is com plet ely dry. This has to be repeated se ve r al times Milk offers, besides not p rod u c i n g an olrensi v e s mell , t h e advantage that the turniture can be used again wi th out d el ay . To C lean 011 Paint. T he b est th ing for cleaning oil paint is a s p o nge dipped in a mm o n ia which has been co !Jiouily d il uted with water. S oap dissolves the turpentine as well as the l in seed oil, a n d not only destl'oys the R moot h and sh i ny sur fa ce, but ex poses aho the white lead to the influence of the water a nd ai r, and is there fore not p,ractic al. A Beautlf'ul Art. Signor Gamberini, an I talian g entlem an, has commenced a ne w and beautiful orn am en ns ists of cuttmg figures of the most elaborate designs upon black glazed paper, to be t hrown out in rel i ef upon light ground. Th e subjec t is first carefu lly drawn out upon th e re verse This cut re p resen ts two pulleys pl aced on a vertic al shaft. W h e n tbe shaft is in motion, the two d r um s have a contrary motion fr om t hat of the 8h�ft in o ne sense, and with it in another. If mo tien is desired to be commuuicated to another vertical shaft from th e one represented , it is done by a band p laced round tbe p u lleys , across the perpendicular of the shaft . Curio ... I1lode oC 1I1aking Butter. [f I want butter only lor my o wn breakfast I lay a sh eet of blotting paper, upon a phte, and ;lOur the cream upon it. In a short tim e the milk fil ters through , and tbe butter is for med . If I wish to ex ped it e the operat i on , I tur n the paper over gently upon the cream, son Glnge .... bread to eat with (Jorn Beer. Take 4 t e a cups full of flour, 2 of molasses, 1·2 cup of butter, 20 1 buttermilk, 1 of th ick cream, 3 eggs, 1 table spoonful of gi n ger , and the sam g of salerat us . Mix them all toge th er, exce p t the buttel'milk and ;;aleratus ; the latter should be di ssolved in th e buttermilk, and added to th e residue. Instead of 2 cu ps of molasses, use one of sugar and one of mo· lass es . Bake S08n after mixing, and eat warm or cold. White Blackberries. The Editor of th � Alabama Planter, has rece i ved a �ample of a wh ite berry, of the blackb erry s ;> ec ies. The berry is stainless, sweetp.r th an the common blackberry, and is of the color of t he inside of th e lemon. It is superior in e very way, to th e ordinary black berry. Indee,d, th is is i n fi n i tely beyond any t h i ng of its class, a nd will be sought after as a m ost delicious luxury. The berries are large, abundant and beautif {]l on all the bush es w h e re they grow III Alab am a. Destruetlun of IIJ1ce_ A cu rious fac t, is mentioned of tbe extraor d i n ary number of 28,071 mice h avi n g been tak e n t'r ca ugh t from Ser,tember to January in t he Dean fo rest, Gloucestershire , o ver an are a af anlv 1,692 acres. The s ucc e�3ful me thod ad opted there was b ori ng holes in the g ro u nd , twe n ty i nc es deep , wider at the b ot tom tban at the top, whic h prevented them from getting out when onc e in , and into wh ic h was drop ped some lood. It has rece ntly been estim ated that all the salt of all th e oceans of the.. w orld , if conden-6. Take finest w h i te sugar 1000 parts ; pure water 5 00 p arts ; prepared animal ch ar coal 64 p arts. Dissolve the sugar in t h e cold wa ter , add the charcoal , and af:er t.welve hours filter th� syrup throug h pap er . Syrups whose d e nsity is n ot precisely deter mined by the proce ss should have the speci fic grav i ty 1.;)61 whe n ;" oil ing , and about 1.340 at ordinary temperatures. T hey sh oul d be prese r ved in a place the tem perat ure of which never exceed. 55°. surface, and then cut in with such exquisite and ke e p it i n con tac t lo r a f e w m o m e n ts, sed i nto a sol id state, would torm a mass of ni cety as to d elineate the m ost minute line and then p re ss upon i t, a n d the b u tte r I S fo r -9,000,000 cubic geographical miles, morc than and sh ad e . Fl ow ers , fol i age , l andscapes, and m e d i n less than t wo m i n n tes . I f you s u htwice a s l arge as the whole H imalaya m ou n intricate groups of the a n ti qu e are e xe c u ted mit t o s e vere pressu re by a scre w press, it t ains. wlth almost th e minuten ess of fi n is h of th e be co m es hard as \�' hen frozen . I c annot thi nk -----------.. engraving, and require fu ll as m uch care, but the sim pl icity of th is mo d e of proceeding tillie, an d ��:n� _ _ .. __ _ ______ would be universally ad opted , if any b etter Cheap Paint. m ate r i al than blottmg paper could be thought Take two quarts skimmed m ilk , 2 ounce s of for the filter-the paper ad heri n g too 5rm-SA RSAPARIL,LA SYR UPS. tresh sl aked l i m e , 5 p o u nd s whiting; put ly to t h e butter, and th e finest muslin admit� Compound.-Take of sarsap arilla, bruised, the lime into a sto n e w are vessel, p o u r u p on ting t h e p assage of t h e cream. A GARDNER. 2 p ou nds ; guaiacum-wood, r as p e d , 3 ounces ; \ hundred-leaved roses, s e n n a , liquorice -root, it a sufficielH quantity of milk to make a Hemlock Hedges. bruised, each 2 ounc es ; oil of sassafras, oil of m i xture r � s e mblin g c re am ; t he re mai nder o f A writer in the Gennesse Farmer describes am. e , eac h 5 m i ni ms ; oil ot p atrid ge berry 3 the ml lk IS th en t o be ad d ed ; a n d l as t l y, a he dge co m p ose d of th e hem lock, at a nu l" minims ; d Il ute d alcohol 10 pints ; sugar 8 t he whi tin g is then (0 be crumbled and s p r ead se ry i n To ronto, C an ada , which is 150 fe e t pounds_ Macerate the sarsap arilla, guaiacum on the surface of t he fluid, in w h ic h it gradulong, 5 fe et h igh , and 3 fe et t h i c k at the base wood, roses, senn a, an d liquoric e root in the al ly SInks. At this period i t m ust all � e stirta p er i ng grad ually to wards the summit. The , diluted alcohol lor fo urtee n days ; then ex-red in , or groun d as )OU would other p ai nt, e ditor of the Farmer says in a n O. le :p ress and filter. E vap orate t h e ti ncture by an d it is fi t for use . Ther e m a y b e added any For the f or mat i o n o f a b ea u tiful green h e dg e means of a water · bath to four pints ; filter, coloring matter that suits the f ancy. i t ( th e hemlock) cannot be s urp assed . It has add the sugar, and proceed in th e manner di-It is t� b e ap p �ie(l in the sa me � an ner as n ot the power of the Norway spruce, and rected for syrup. Lastly, h av i ng rubbed the oth er paInt, and In a few h o u rs WIll be come will not a ns wer the purpose of fe ncing so oil with a small quantity of the syrup, mix p erfectly d ry. An . ot h er coat m ay then b e adw ell ; b ut w h ere gre at slrength is n ot req1<lid ed, and so 01'\ unt Il tb e work I S complete d. r e d, and o r nam en t t h e ch ief desi derat um , the them thoroughly V'lt h the remainder. The prin ci pal offi ce being at New Yo rk. The SC IENTIFIC AMERICAN is the Ad vocate of Industry in all its torms , and as a J emr na! for Mechanics and Manufacturers, is not eqnalled by an y oth e r publication of the kind in the world . Compound . , VI·UP of sarsaparilla rna'· alsn be Hemlock w ill an sw er ad mir ab ly . T h e .pec i -J J Improved 1I1ethod oC MakIng Charcoal. p re p ared in the follow i ng manner :-A m ode 01 manufacturi ng th i s substance in men our correspondent alludes to, in the To-Each numher contains from FIVE to SE-2. Take of s arsa p arilla, gro u nd into coarse I F rance , is to fill all the in tersttces i n t he he a p r on t o nursery , h a s o ft e n at tr ac te d o u r ad m ira -V EN ORIGINA L ME CHANICA L ENGR A p owd er, 2 pounds ; guaiacum-wood , ras p ed , 3 o f w ood to be c harred , With dry p owde r ed tion. It h as b een fo ur y�ars p lan ted , shorn ounces ; hundred-leaved roses, senna, l i q u orc ha rcoa l ; thtn c o ver the whole m ass with only twice, and is, at this moment, a gr e e n ice r oot , each in coarse p owder,2 ou n c e s ; oil earth or sods, a n d burn it in tbe u sual way . wall, five feet high , without a ble mish-o ne of sassafras , oil of anis e , each 5 m i n i ms ; ot! By th i s m e ans, much of the a cc ess of air is of the most elegant e ncl osures for a la w n or . . t ffi' t flower gard e n imaginable. of patridge berry , 3 mWlms ; wa er a su clen pre,-ented, and a s a vi ng of ten per cent in d M· h Benjamin WhEeler, Esq., of Fra min gham, qu a ntity ; sugar S p ou n s . lX t e sarsa p av olume, as well as weight of c h arcoal, will -1 ' has a b eau t iful specimen of a He m l ock Hedge. ri l la, guaiacum.wo �d, roses, senna, ana Iquorbe gained over the ordinary modes. ice root, W Ith three pints of water , and allow _. _____ _ ___ _______ ___ ._ I We are not ab le to give a statement of i ts age the mixture to stand lor tw e nty · fo u r hours.-Pruervlng DrIed FruIts. or d i mens i o ns , but, when we saw it a b o u t two Then transfer the whole to an apparatus for The m os t effectual mode is , wh en the fru i t y e ars ago, it w as i n a flourishing condi tion, displac�ment, and pour on ,vate r gradually is d ry, and .eady fo r p ac k i n g a way , a s y o u a nd an adm ira:�e_ ..':..': �� [[lent to_��_�r ou nd s. until one g all on of fil t er ed liquor is obtai ned put it into the barrel or sack, s pri nkle it Corn Beer. Evaporate thi, to fo ur pints ; the n add the su-\ With whiskey-say at the rate of a pmt to a 'Tis go od and harmless, withal cheap and gar, and proceed in t h e manner directed for bus Le!. I e asily made. Boil 3 p i nts of cor n until t h e syrup. Lastly, having r u bb ed tbe oils with a C h erri es, raspberries, and c urra r: ts h ave ! skin slips : tak e it out of the water, an d put small portIon oftne syrup mix. them th o roughbeen kep t for two or three years ill t h is way ; l i t i nt i! a four gallon jug or dem ij oh n ; cover Iv with the rem ain der. We 9uppose any kind of �pi rits would answer the corn wi th water, th us to remain until fer -3. Take of sarsaparilla 1000 parts ; dried the purpose, as the worms appear til go in l mentation h as taken place, which is by bub flowers ·of borage 64 parts ; hundred-leaved for temperance. bles rising, gas eseapi ng ; then add water, VINGS of the most imp ortan t i nv ent ions ; a catalogu e of AMERICAN PATENTS , as is sued from the Patent Office each week ; noti ces of the progress o f all new M ECHANI CAL a nd SCIENTIFIC inventions ; instruc t ion in the vari ous ARTS and TRADES, with ENGRAVINGS ; cur io us PHILOSOPHICAL and CHEMICAL experiments ; the latest RAILROAD INTELLIGENCE in EUROPE and AMERI C A; all the d dfe rent MECHA· NICAL MOVEMENTS, p u b lished in a se ri es and ILL USTRATED with more tha'n A HUNDRED ENGRAVINGS,&c. &c. Th e Sci.entific Am erican h as al ready attain ed the largest circulation of any weekly me chanical j our n al in the world, a n d in this country its ci rculat ion s not snrpassed by all the other mechanical apers combined. OCTFor terms see inside.
doi:10.1038/scientificamerican07291848-360b fatcat:iwnx6zr2gjdlzkjidubcho2dwa