Who wants a 'development' that doesn't recognise alternatives? [chapter]

Sandeep Pattnaik, Samantha Balaton-Chrimes
2019 Postdevelopment in Practice  
Jagatsinghpur, a district in the eastern Indian state of Odisha, has attracted media attention for a lengthy fight over land between a community of betel-farmers, fisher folk and livestock herders on one side, and the state and state patronized corporations seeking to build a steel plant, port and captive power plant on the other. The struggle has lasted over a decade amidst reports of killings, arrests and gross human rights violations. In 2017, after 12 years, Korean steel giantPOSCO
more » ... giantPOSCO withdrew, only to be replaced by Indian corporations seeking the same land. In this chapter, we examine the anti-POSCO People's Movement (POSCO Pratirodh Sangram Samiti) as an example of post-development in practice. The movement's anticorporate stance, and its defence of a sustainable and dignified land-based livelihood and the right to self-governance align with key tenets of post-development. However, in other areas the movement's stance is more aligned with a traditional development paradigm, including desire for markets for petty commodities, and belief in the state as the inevitable, appropriate site of self-governance, and an agent of development. We conclude that to work towards a pluriverse, we must attend to aspirations that entail tensions between post-development and more traditional development principles.
doi:10.4324/9780429492136-12 fatcat:jt4d3wwcdzbk5ig7j25kcgnzyy