An FMN Hydrolase Is Fused to a Riboflavin Kinase Homolog in Plants
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Riboflavin kinases catalyze synthesis of FMN from riboflavin and ATP. These enzymes have to date been cloned from bacteria, yeast, and mammals, but not from plants. Bioinformatic approaches suggested that diverse plant species, including many angiosperms, two gymnosperms, a moss (Physcomitrella patens), and a unicellular green alga (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii), encode proteins that are homologous to riboflavin kinases of yeast and mammals, but contain an N-terminal domain that belongs to the
... belongs to the haloacid dehalogenase superfamily of enzymes. The Arabidopsis homolog of these proteins was cloned by RT-PCR, and was shown to have riboflavin kinase and FMN hydrolase activities by characterizing the recombinant enzyme produced in Escherichia coli. Both activities of the purified recombinant Arabidopsis enzyme (AtFMN/FHy) increased when the enzyme assays contained 0.02% Tween 20. The FMN hydrolase activity of AtFMN/FHy greatly decreased when EDTA replaced Mg 2؉ in the assays, as expected for a member of the Mg 2؉dependent haloacid dehalogenase family.