Interaction-Induced Wave Function Collapse Respects Conservation Laws [article]

Edward J. Gillis
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Because quantum measurements have probabilistic outcomes they can seem to violate conservation laws in individual experiments. Despite these appearances, strict conservation of momentum, orbital angular momentum, and energy can be shown to be consistent with the assumption that the entangling interactions that constitute measurements induce a real collapse of the wave function. The essential idea is that measured systems always have some pre-existing entanglement relations with (usually larger)
more » ... systems, and that apparent changes in conserved quantities in the measured system are correlated with compensating changes in these larger systems. Since wave function collapse is mediated by entanglement relations a full accounting of the relevant quantities requires a computation over all interacting, entangled systems. The demonstrations by Gemmer and Mahler[1], and by Durt[2,3], that entanglement is a generic result of interaction are central to the argument. A stochastic collapse equation based on interaction potentials is described and shown to guarantee conservation of the relevant quantities at all stages of evolution.
arXiv:1803.02687v6 fatcat:he5gy6i3wzfgxnliewsxkulboa