THEORETICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF PYRIDYL-THIOUREA DERIVATIVES AS IONOPHORES FOR Cu(II) ION DETECTION
Malaysian Journal of Analytical Science
Copper (II) ion chemical sensors based on pyridine-thiourea derivatives; N-pyridyl-N'-(biphenyl-4-carbonyl)thiourea (L1), and N-pyridyl-N'-(3,5-dimethyoxybenzoyl)thiourea (L2) were synthesised, characterised, and studied as ionophores in the form of thin-films PVC membranes. The ionophores exhibited good responses towards copper (II) ion over the concentration range of 2 x 10 -4 to 10 x 10 -4 M with a limit of detection 1.34 x 10 -5 to 1.48 x 10 -5 M. The proposed sensors L1 and L2 revealed
... and L2 revealed good performance in term of reproducibility and regeneration of the ionophores with low relative standard deviation (RSD) values 4.17 % and 2.74 % respectively. Besides, quantum chemical calculation performed using Gaussian 09 program indicated the oxygen (O) atom from carbonyl moiety (C=O) was the most favourite reactive site and mainly responsible for ionophore-Cu(II) interaction. The obtained data revealed pyridine-thiourea derivatives offered great potential as ionophore for the detection of Cu (II) ion.