IPA

Valter Balegas, Sérgio Duarte, Carla Ferreira, Rodrigo Rodrigues, Nuno Preguiça
2018 Proceedings of the VLDB Endowment  
It is common to use weakly consistent replication to achieve high availability and low latency at a global scale. In this setting, concurrent updates may lead to states where application invariants do not hold. Some systems coordinate the execution of (conflicting) operations to avoid invariant violations, leading to high latency and reduced availability for those operations. This problem is worsened by the difficulty in identifying precisely which operations conflict. In this paper we propose
more » ... novel approach to preserve application invariants without coordinating the execution of operations. The approach consists of modifying operations in a way that application invariants are maintained in the presence of concurrent updates. When no conflicting updates occur, the modified operations present their original semantics. Otherwise, we use sensible and deterministic conflict resolution policies that preserve the invariants of the application. To implement this approach, we developed a static analysis, IPA, that identifies conflicting operations and proposes the necessary modifications to operations. Our analysis shows that IPA can avoid invariant violations in many applications, including typical database applications. Our evaluation reveals that the offline static analysis runs fast enough for being used with large applications. The overhead introduced in the modified operations is low and it leads to lower latency and higher throughput when compared with other approaches that enforce invariants. PVLDB Reference Format:
doi:10.14778/3297753.3297760 fatcat:mpx6fbfl4ve6xkrqccxmgcni3i