No-Go Theorems for Unitary and Interacting Partially Massless Spin-Two Fields

Euihun Joung, Wenliang Li, Massimo Taronna
2014 Physical Review Letters  
We examine the generic theory of a partially massless (PM) spin-two field interacting with gravity in four dimensions from a bottom-up perspective. By analyzing the most general form of the Lagrangian, we first show that if such a theory exists, its de Sitter background must admit either so(1, 5) or so(2, 4) global symmetry depending on the relative sign of the kinetic terms: the former for a positive sign the latter for a negative sign. Further analysis reveals that the coupling constant of
more » ... ling constant of the PM cubic self-interaction must be fixed with a purely imaginary number in the case of a positive sign. We conclude that there cannot exist a unitary theory of a PM spin-two field coupled to Einstein gravity with a perturbatively local Lagrangian. In the case of a negative sign we recover conformal gravity. As a special case of our analysis, it is shown that the PM limit of massive gravity also lacks the PM gauge symmetry.
doi:10.1103/physrevlett.113.091101 pmid:25215969 fatcat:m5awkaxbrnbhde6rlym7ny7zyy