Evaluierung eines Neurostent-Prototyps am experimentellen Aneurysma-Modell [thesis]

Nina Parohl
The occurrence of a subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a life-threatening disease, which is accompanied with a very high rate of morbidity and mortality. The main cause of a non-traumatic SAH is a ruptured cerebral artery aneurysm, which primarily leads to a bleeding into the arachnoid cisterns of the brain. In spite of this positive trend in the area of new endovascular materials and techniques, certain intracranial aneurysms still prevent the application of this minimal invasive therapy. A
more » ... promising approach to this problem lies in the application of a vascular stent in combination with a platinum coil to allow a permanent occlusion of the broad-based aneurysms. With the use of these stents a more sealing embolization, a faster and better thrombosis of the aneurysm as well as a modulation of the blood flow in the parent vessel should be achieved. This thesis examines the application of an electrolytically detachable and completely repositionable stent prototype as a therapy for broad-based intracranial aneurysms by the utilisation of an elastase-induced aneurysm model in 12 rabbits. For the evaluation of this novel system the stent was implanted and the aneurysm was subsequent embolized with conventional coils. A final examination after three month was accomplished by the use of MRT, CT, DSA and histology. The stent presented itself as a flexible and easy to navigate implant. In every case the positioning and repositioning was possible without any complications. During the intervention and all along the examination time its radial forces lead to an adequate vascular adaptation without any deformation of the vessel. The functional mesh-design allowed a flawless probing of the aneurysms with the micro-catheter. The stent served as a bearing for the coil-package and prevented a protrusion. The three imaging methods allowed an evaluation of the interesting parameters: In 11 of 12 cases the aneurysms showed a very good occlusion, in all cases the long-term patency of the stent was present and finally no recanali [...]
doi:10.5282/edoc.7425 fatcat:jyc3sffynremhoukaoxbfoi5la