Large Fundamental and Global Transit Circle Catalogs [chapter]

T. E. Corbin
1995 Astronomical and Astrophysical Objectives of Sub-Milliarcsecond Optical Astrometry  
The fundamental system is currently based on the Dynamical Reference Frame as defined by the motions of the Earth and other Solar System objects. The link to this frame has traditionally been made by the observation of these objects and of stars in absolute transit circle programs. The zero points of the link are applied to quasi-absolute catalogs, and these are combined with the absolute catalogs to define the fundamental system. The individual positions and motions of the fundamental stars
more » ... undamental stars are then strengthened by incorporating differential catalogs reduced to the fundamental system. The system can be extended to higher densities and fainter magnitudes by further systematic reduction and combination of differential catalogs. The fundamental system itself, however, can only be extended through a planned series of observations resulting in absolute stellar positions over a range of epochs. A new fundamental catalog being compiled at the U.S. Naval Observatory is discussed and compared with the existing standard, the FK5. 35 E. H0g and P. K. Seidelmann (eds.), Astronomical and Astrophysical Objectives of Sub-Milliarcsecond Optical Astrometry, 35-42.
doi:10.1007/978-94-011-0069-4_7 fatcat:vjx6375vp5dlxdnfo5pbej2eoe