Transgeometric isomers of EPA decrease LXRα-induced cellular triacylglycerol via suppression of SREBP-1c and PGC-1β

Nobuhiro Zaima, Tatsuya Sugawara, Dai Goto, Takashi Hirata
2006 Journal of Lipid Research  
Dietary mono-or di-trans fatty acids with chain lengths of 18-22 increase the risk of cardiovascular diseases because they increase LDL cholesterol and decrease HDL cholesterol in the plasma. However, the effects of trans isomers of PUFAs on lipid metabolism remain unknown. Dietary PUFAs, especially eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) in marine oils, improve serum lipid profiles by suppressing liver X receptor a (LXRa) activity in the liver. In this study, we compared the effects of trans geometric
more » ... ers of eicosapentaenoic acid (TEPA) on triacylglycerol synthesis induced by a synthetic LXRa agonist (T0901317) with the effects of EPA in HepG2 cells. TEPA significantly decreased the amount of cellular triacylglycerol and the expression of mRNAs encoding fatty acid synthase, stearoyl-CoA desaturase-1, and glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase induced by T0901317 compared with EPA. However, there was no significant difference between the suppressive effect of TEPA or EPA on the expression of sterol-regulatory element binding protein-1c (SREBP-1c) induced by T0901317. We found that TEPA, but not EPA, decreased the mRNA expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor g coactivator 1b (PGC-1b), which is a coactivator of both LXRa and SREBP-1. These results suggest that the hypolipidemic effect of TEPA can be attributed to a decrease not only in SREBP-1 but also in PGC-1b expression.-Zaima, N., T. Sugawara, D. Goto, and T. Hirata. Trans geometric isomers of EPA decrease LXRa-induced cellular triacylglycerol via suppression of SREBP-1c and PGC-1b.
doi:10.1194/jlr.m600273-jlr200 pmid:17005995 fatcat:3ttnxie4ifbdlcio54uxqdzrha