Polycephalic Euclid? Collective Practices in Bourbaki's History of Mathematics [chapter]

Anne-Sandrine Paumier, David Aubin
2016 Trends in the History of Science  
In this paper, we argue that Bourbaki's historiography, which has been extremely influential among mathematicians and historians of mathematics alike, reflected the special conditions of its elaboration. More specifically, we investigate the way in which the collective writing practices of the members of the Bourbaki group in both mathematics and the history of mathematics help to explain the particular form taken by the Elements of the History of Mathematics (1960). At first sight, this book,
more » ... sight, this book, which has been seen as an "internalist history of concepts," may seem an unlikely candidate for exhibiting collective aspects of mathematical practice. As we show, historical considerations indeed stood low on the group's agenda, but they nevertheless were crucial in the conception of some parts of the mathematical treatise. We moreover claim that tensions between individuals and notions related to a collective understanding of mathematics, such as "Zeitgeist" and "mathematical schools," in fact structured Bourbaki's historiography.
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-39649-1_10 fatcat:6c2cwcjb3naklb7g3nzxbov55a