Asymptotically optimal time synchronization in dense sensor networks

An-swol Hu, Sergio D. Servetto
2003 Proceedings of the 2nd ACM international conference on Wireless sensor networks and applications - WSNA '03  
We consider the problem of synchronization of all clocks in a sensor network, in the regime of asymptotically high node densities. We formulate this problem as one in which all clocks must line up with the clock of an arbitrary node in the network (of course without assuming that this clock can be observed everywhere in the network, nor assuming that this node has any special hardware-this node could be any). We give a state-space description for the generation of observable data as a function
more » ... f the ideal clock, and we derive an optimal estimator for determining the state of the ideal clock. A salient feature of our approach is that nodes collaborate to generate an aggregate waveform that can be observed simultaneously by all nodes, and that contains enough information to synchronize all clocks. This aggregate waveform effectively simulates the presence of a "super-node" capable of generating a high-power, network-wide time reference signal.
doi:10.1145/941351.941352 fatcat:cluryn6a4bbrplohi4z5byq4oe