The water crisis in southern Portugal: how did we get there and how should we solve it

L. Nunes, J. P. Monteiro, M. C. Cunha, J. Vieira, H. Lucas, L. Ribeiro
2006 Wit Transactions on Ecology and The Environment   unpublished
Until very recently, the public water supply in the Algarve region was almost entirely supported by groundwater wells. However, in the last years of the 20th Century, the Portuguese government defined a scheme for the public water supply sector entirely based on surface water from large dams, in order to guarantee the public water supply. The efforts to abandon groundwater as a source for public supply started in 1998, after a large investment in new infrastructures and rehabilitation of some
more » ... ilitation of some existing ones. However, the practical implementation of this water supply scheme showed that an integrated resource management is needed in order to implement a more economical and reliable solution. The present paper describes the historical background and the evolution of water use in recent decades until the present time in the Algarve, and a proposal for restructuring the management of the water supplies based on the development of a decision support system within an integrated water resources management scheme. www.witpress.com, ISSN 1743-3541 (on-line)
doi:10.2495/rav060431 fatcat:vlb5bjby4ba6jbhv7bgu2eacse