Models of radar imaging of the ocean surface waves

C. Elachi, W. Brown
1977 IRE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation  
A number of models which wonld explain ocean wave imagery taken with a synthetic aperture imaging radar are analyzed analytically and numerically. Actual radar imagery is used to support some conclusions. The models considered correspond to three sources of radar backscatter cross section modulation: tilt modulation, roughness variation, and the wave orbital velocity. The effect of the temporal changes of the surface structure, parametric interactions, and the resulting distortions are discussed.
more » ... rtions are discussed.
doi:10.1109/tap.1977.1141548 fatcat:zcnpidtn7nfhhkf4m3ckg5xwl4