A Systematic Review of the Effects of Physical Activity and Sport on the Inclusion of People with Visual Impairment

Basavaraj S Itnal
2022 International journal of latest engineering and management research  
People who are visually impaired find it more difficult to participate in sports and physical activity, and a lack of social interaction increases the risk of exclusion. Although participation in sports enhances quality of life for persons with a variety of traits, research on how sport affects quality of life for those with visual impairment is still lacking. The purpose of this study was to determine the perceived quality of life of blind goalkeepers and football players and to compare it to
more » ... hat of visually impaired, physically inactive people. People with vision impairment are currently being included in physical activity and sports. Studies addressing the condition and general effectiveness of therapies in the pre-and post-COVID stages are few, nonetheless. This study aims to meet the demand for dissemination on this topic by offering strong data on the features and efficacy of interventions for the inclusion of people with visual impairment through physical activity and sport. The terms "Physical activity," "Physical exercise," "Sport," "Physical training," "visual disability," "visual impairment," and "inclusion" were used in the bibliographic search from 2018 to 2021 in the databases PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and Google Scholar. The PRISMA methodology was followed in the article selection process, and nine articles were chosen in the end. The key findings showed that the programs increased social skills, health, and social relevance of individuals with disabilities in the social environment. They also improved perception of persons with disabilities. The need for specialized training, the necessity of social inclusion and participation of people with visual impairment in their contexts, and the requirement for increased physical activity were among the most universal conclusions.
doi:10.56581/ijlemr.7.12.26-33 fatcat:7trxq7u2yzbo3feb7nzs446mua