KESULITAN BELAJAR SISWA DALAM PEMBELAJARAN BAHASA INDONESIA

Yulinda Basuki, Dan Suryani, Bambang Dwi, Setiyadi Putut, Dan Fkip, Universitas Fpsi, Dharma Widya, Klaten
unpublished
Abstrak Penelitian ini bertujuan mendeskripsikan kesulitan belajar siswa dalam proses pembela jaran bahasa Indonesia tingkat SMA. Subjek penelitian siswa SMAN 1 Klaten, SMAN 1 Karangnongko, dan SMAN 1 Karangdowo.Pengumpulan data menggunakan teknik tes dan wawancara. Analisis data menggunakan teknik deskriptif kualitatif dan kuantitatif dengan bantuan komputer program AnBuso. Berdasar hasil analisis data dapat diketahui bahwa siswa mengalami kesulitan pada kompetensi kebahasaan subkompetensi
more » ... ktur (61,07%), kosakata (52,6%); kompetensi menyimak (41,88%), berbicara (18,89%), membaca (21,15%), dan menulis (20,02%); dan kesastraan baik pada tingkat informasi (45,69%), konsep (40,9%), perspektif (41,74%), dan apresiasi (47,1%). Hal itu menunjukkan bahwa kesulitan merata pada berbagai komponen bahan pembelajaran, baik untuk kompetensi kebahasaan maupun kesastraan, maka pencarian solusinya harus bersifat komprehensif termasuk pemilihan metode pembelajaran. Kata kunci: kesulitan belajar, kompetensi, bahasa Indonesia STUDENTS' LEARNING DIFFICULTIES IN THE INDONESIAN LANGUAGE LEARNING Abstract This study aims to describe students' learning difficulties in the Indonesian language learning process at the senior high school. The research subjects were students of SMAN 1 Klaten, SMAN 1 Karangnongko, and SMAN 1 Karangdowo. The data were collected by means of tests and interviews. They were analyzed using qualitative and quantitative descriptive techniques with the AnBuso computer program. The results of the data analysis show that the students have difficulties in: the language sub-competencies of structure (61.07%) and vocabulary (52.6%); the language competencies of listening (41.88%), speaking (18.89%), reading (21.15%), and writing (20.02%); and the literary competency at the levels of information (45.69%), concepts (40.9%), perspectives (41.74%), and appreciation (47.1%). These show that the difficulties are evenly distributed on the various components of learning materials, both for language and literary competencies, so that the solutions must be comprehensive including the selection of learning methods.
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