Blind identification strategies for room occupancy estimation

A. Ebadat, G. Bottegal, D. Varagnolo, B. Wahlberg, H. Hjalmarsson, K. H. Johansson
2015 2015 European Control Conference (ECC)  
We propose and test on real data a two-tier estimation strategy for inferring occupancy levels from measurements of CO2 concentration and temperature levels. The first tier is a blind identification step, based either on a frequentist Maximum Likelihood method, implemented using non-linear optimization, or on a Bayesian marginal likelihood method, implemented using a dedicated Expectation-Maximization algorithm. The second tier resolves the ambiguity of the unknown multiplicative factor, and
more » ... urns the final estimate of the occupancy levels. The overall procedure addresses some practical issues of existing occupancy estimation strategies. More specifically, first it does not require the installation of special hardware, since it uses measurements that are typically available in many buildings. Second, it does not require apriori knowledge on the physical parameters of the building, since it performs system identification steps. Third, it does not require pilot data containing measured real occupancy patterns (i.e., physically counting people for some periods, a typically expensive and time consuming step), since the identification steps are blind.
doi:10.1109/ecc.2015.7330720 dblp:conf/eucc/EbadatBVWHJ15 fatcat:kx7wadpkrjahba42sqblh6s4ce