Assessing the use of prophetic Hadiths in explaining the Qur'anic words in the Al-Kashshaaf commentary and its reflection in the contemporary Persian translations of the Quran A Study of the Coordination of Non-structural Grammatical Cohesion in the First Sermon of Nahj al-Balagha and its Translations

Reza Amaani, Khadijeh Faryaad, Javad Garjami, Adel Azad-Del, Saeid Mohammadi
2017 Spring & Summer 2017-2018 Downloaded from jhs.modares.ac.ir at 17:16 IRDT on Saturday May 5th 2018 Qur'an-Hadīth Translation Studies   unpublished
One of the important principles of Al-Zamakhshari in commentary is the use of prophetic Hadiths to study issues such as literary sciences, Qur'anic sciences, etc., in order to understand the meaning of the verse. Meanwhile it is noteworthy that Zamakhshari used from prophetic Hadiths in 19 cases to explain the meaning of words. In this regard, the present study, based on the analytical-describing method and a critical approach, evaluates four challenging applications in terms of the meaning of
more » ... of the meaning of the word by analyzing the Zamakhshari's views and then reflects the result of the review of the meaning of the words in the contemporary Persian translations of the Quran. And finally, it has come to the conclusion that in the majority of cases Zamakhshari did not properly use the narratives, and on the other hand, contemporary Persian translations have not been successful in this regard, but in any case, almost the late Ayatollah Meshkini has been more successful than other translators. Abstract Cohesion is a term used in the field of functional linguistics that analyzes the relationships between different constructive elements of that text in both text grammatical (structural and non-structural) and vocabulary levels. In discussing the cohesion of non-structural grammar, the four dimensions: references, relevance, substitution and elimination are considered as factors integrating text, each, among other cohesive factors, can lead to cohesion and integration of text. With regard to necessity of the principle of balance and equality in the process of translation, the reflection of each of mentioned factors in the translations, along with aligned progress with the original text, is very important. Since Nahj al-Balagha, as a coherent text, includes different cohesive kinds, it is expected that its final translations reflect these integrating elements in itself. This article, with a descriptive-analytic approach, deals with the studying and accommodating the non-structural components of grammatical cohesion in the first sermon of Nahj al-Balagha and its five selected translation. In this way, the level of translators' loyalty to the reflections of these cohesive elements was examined and finally, it was concluded that some of the translators, in the light of equivalent progress and having equality with the original text and additionally, through the selection of suitable subjects among many other elements, fully reflected the existing cohesion in the original text into their translations. There were some cases of translators who have neglected this principle; this neglect may be due to factors such as translator's style and language capacity of the destination text.
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