Macroscopic effects in attosecond pulse generation
New Journal of Physics
We examine how the generation and propagation of high-order harmonics in a partly ionized gas medium affect their strength and synchronization. The temporal properties of the resulting attosecond pulses generated in long gas targets can be significantly influenced by macroscopic effects, in particular by the intensity in the medium and the degree of ionization. Under some conditions, the use of gas targets longer than the absorption length can lead to the generation of self-compressed
... pulses. We show this effect experimentally, using long argon-filled gas cells as generating medium.