Prevalence of Anemia among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Care in Indore Region
Journal of Medical Science And clinical Research
Anemia is a major public health problem affecting both the developed as well as the developing countries. According to WHO, prevalence of anemia among pregnant women in developed countries is about 14%, whereas it is still as high as 51% in the developing world. Objective: There are very few studies have been published regarding prevalence of anemia in pregnancy in central India hence the present study was undertaken to assess the prevalence and determinant factors of anemia among pregnant
... attending antenatal care follow up in M.Y. Hospital, Indore. Methods: In this study, total 530 among pregnant women were selected randomly at antenatal clinic in M. Y. Hospital, Indore from September 2014 to August 2016, including different age group. Blood sample was taken to determine the hemoglobin concentration and haematocrit value. Interviewer administered structured questionnaire was used to assess different socio-demographic characteristics, obstetrics and dietary factors related to Anemia. Simple random sampling technique was used to select study subjects. Data were statistically analyzed and performed at the level of significance of 5%. Result: In present study we found out of 530, eighty two patients who were under the age of 21 in 71% patients severe Anemia was observed in 11% patients whereas moderate Anemia was observed. In the age group of 21-30 years, severe and moderate type of Anemia was observed in 31% and 66.6% subjects respectively. Conclusion: A high prevalence of Anemia was found in Indore region (M.P.) in pregnant women. These finding indicates the necessity of health awareness, early diagnosis and treatment.