Rett syndrome: clinical and molecular characterization of two Brazilian patients

Andrea Stachon, Francisco Baptista Assumpção Jr, Salmo Raskin
2007 Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria  
BACKGROUND: Rett syndrome (RS) is recognized as a pan-ethnic condition. Since the identification of mutations in the MECP2 gene, more patients have been diagnosed, and a broad spectrum of phenotypes has been reported. There is a lack of phenotype-genotype studies. OBJECTIVE: To describe two cases of Brazilian patients with identified MECP2 mutations. METHOD: We present two female Brazilian patients with RS. RESULTS: Both patients presented with regression at 2-3 years of age, when stereotypic
more » ... nd movements, social withdrawal and postnatal deceleration of head growth rate were observed. Both patients presented verbal communication impairment. Case 1 had loss of purposeful hand movements, and severe seizure episodes. Case 2 had milder impairment of purposeful hand movements, and no seizures. They had different mutations, D97Y and R294X, found in exons 3 and 4 of MECP2 gene, respectively. CONCLUSION: Testing for MECP2 mutations is important to confirm diagnosis and to establish genotype/phenotype correlations, and improve genetic counseling.
doi:10.1590/s0004-282x2007000100009 pmid:17420824 fatcat:otmqlskipvdwbm7iaoc3pmtmpe