A Two-Echelon Inventory System with a Minimum Order Quantity Requirement

Huaxiao Shen, Tian Tian, Han Zhu
2019 Sustainability  
In this paper, we study a two-echelon inventory system with one warehouse and multiple retailers, under the setting of periodic review and infinite horizon. In each period, retailers replenish their stocks from the warehouse, and the warehouse in turn replenishes from an external supplier. Particularly, as stipulated by the supplier, there is a minimum order quantity (MOQ) requirement for the warehouse. That is, the warehouse must order either none or at least as much as the MOQ. To investigate
more » ... MOQ. To investigate this system analytically, we assume retailers adopt the base-stock policy, and we design for the warehouse a new heuristic ordering policy, called refined base-stock policy, which conforms to the MOQ requirement. Moreover, in the case of shortages, we assume the warehouse adopts a virtual allocation policy, and therefore the orders for individual units are filled in the same order as the original demands at the retailers. To evaluate the long-run average system cost exactly, we present a position-based cost-accounting scheme, in which the cost associated with each unit is assigned to its first position at the warehouse. We also derive lower and upper bounds of the inventory parameters, facilitating the search for the optimal policy that minimizes the long-run average system cost.
doi:10.3390/su11185059 fatcat:ohnhzbme2vfsddywoehzedhz5y