Error Analysis of Japanese Relative Clause
Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Language, Literature, Culture, and Education (ICOLLITE 2019)
The aims of this study was to analyze the type and cause of error in using Japanese relative clauses (meishi shuushoku) by Japanese language learners based on Corder's (1975) theory. The data in this study collected through a test consists of 35 questions divided into four types of inquiry about meishi shuushoku. This study involved 50 Japanese language learners in STIKes (Nursing College) Cirebon, Indonesia. The results showed that there are some types of errors made by learners in using
... ners in using meishi shuushoku, including word placement errors, particle errors, writing errors, and vocabulary errors. Word placement errors mainly consist of head noun placement errors, adjective placement errors, and verb placement errors. These errors were mainly caused by student's lack of comprehension about the basic rules in using meishi shuushoku. However, other causes of errors in using meishi shuushoku were found and can be classified into over-generalization, language transfer, and transfer of training. As the implications, these results can give a reference about the types of errors and difficulty in using Japanese meishi shuushoku for Japanese language learners to help avoid those errors, and for the lecturers as a reference to understand learner's difficulty in learning meishi shuushoku and to find the most effective method in teaching meishi shuushoku.