GEROS-ISS: GNSS REflectometry, Radio Occultation, and Scatterometry Onboard the International Space Station

Jens Wickert, Estel Cardellach, Manuel Martin-Neira, Jorge Bandeiras, Laurent Bertino, Ole Baltazar Andersen, Adriano Camps, Nuno Catarino, Bertrand Chapron, Fran Fabra, Nicolas Floury, Giuseppe Foti (+19 others)
2016 IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing  
GEROS-ISS stands for GNSS REflectometry, radio occultation, and scatterometry onboard the International Space Station (ISS). It is a scientific experiment, successfully proposed to the European Space Agency in 2011. The experiment as the name indicates will be conducted on the ISS. The main focus of GEROS-ISS is the dedicated use of signals from the currently available Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) in L-band for remote sensing of the Earth with a focus to study climate change.
more » ... mission objectives are the determination of the altimetric sea surface height of the oceans and of the ocean surface mean square slope, which is related to sea roughness and wind speed. These geophysical parameters are derived using reflected GNSS signals (GNSS reflectometry, GNSS-R). Secondary mission goals include atmosphere/ionosphere sounding using refracted GNSS signals (radio occultation, GNSS-RO) and remote sensing of land surfaces using GNSS-R. The GEROS-ISS mission objectives and its design, the current status, and ongoing activities are reviewed and selected scientific and technical results of the GEROS-ISS preparation phase are described. ). J. Bandeiras, N. Catarino, and A. Sousa are with the DEIMOS Engenharia S.A., Lisboa 1998-023, . His research interests include atmospheric and oceanic modeling, data assimilation, and numerical prediction. In the past decade, he has led the development of a hierarchy of data mapping and data assimilation methodologies for oceanic applications, and the development of several regional data assimilation and forecasting systems in support of oceanic field campaigns and operational applications. He has published more than 60 peer-reviewed papers.
doi:10.1109/jstars.2016.2614428 fatcat:7zfmpvdb2fhu3aj5wfcvwwghza