Increasing incidence of macular edema in excessive morning blood pressure surge in patients with retinal vein occlusion

Hyun-Jin Kim, Yong Un Shin, Yonggu Lee, Min Ho Kang, Mincheol Seong, Heeyoon Cho, Ran Heo, Jin-kyu Park, Young-Hyo Lim, Jeong-Hun Shin
2020 Scientific Reports  
Morning blood pressure surge (MBPS) had been known to be associated with hypertensive target organ injury and vascular events. Retinal vein occlusion (RVO) is also known to be related with underlying cardiovascular risk factors. This study investigated the effect of MBPS on patients with RVO. In total, 76 patients with RVO who had undergone systemic cardiovascular examination including a 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, carotid artery intima media thickness, and pulse wave velocity
more » ... were evaluated between January 2015 and February 2019. The MBPS was calculated as follows: mean systolic blood pressure measured over two hours after awakening minus mean systolic blood pressure measured during the one hour that included the lowest sleep blood pressure. Macular edema was significantly more prevalent in the MBPS group compared with the non-MBPS group. After adjusting for confounding factors, multivariate regression analyses revealed that MBPS independently predicted macular edema in patients with RVO [Odds ratio 4.75, 95% confidence interval 1.136-16.6, p = 0.015]. In conclusion, evaluating blood pressure patterns, especially MBPS, using 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring may be useful for assessing and predicting ophthalmologic outcome and may facilitate better blood pressure control in patients with RVO.
doi:10.1038/s41598-020-61386-4 pmid:32157149 fatcat:fq6in44xbjajza3sobvzu77xkm