Transactions of the Geological Society of Glasgow
3 shale, which, in its lower part, yields a few shells, such as Nuoula f Leda, and Idngula-species which are rarely found in the lower fossiliferous shale-bed. A bed of sandstone overlies this shale, in which are occasionally found fragments of Lepidodendron, Sigillaria, and Stigmaria, but no marine forms. In making, therefore, a list of the fossils found at this quarry, it would be much more satis factory to mention the stratum in which each species is found, its state of preservation, and to
... eservation, and to note those that are recurrent in any of the other beds, than merely to give a list in which these interesting details are wanting. It is only when stratigraphical lists of our fossils are prepared on some such exhaustive plan that we will ever be able to arrive at anything like a correct notion of the alternate changes of condition under which the flora and fauna of the carboniferous period existed, as indicated by its beds of terrestrial, fresh-water, and marine strata. Having stated these views regarding the necessity of preparing catalogues of the fossils contained in each fossiliferous bed throughout this district, both for the sake of identifying thereby other tracts of strata in our Scottish coal fields, as well as of giving a more correct knowledge of their fossil contents, I will now mention the various groups found in our western coal fields. These may be included under the following sixteen classes, viz.:- Plantae. Plantce.-There is no class of our carboniferous fossils in which so little work has been done as in the plant-remains, either in the way of collecting or having them properly determined. This neglect in many cases may be owing to the bulky condition in which many of them are found in the strata, and which forbids their being secured as cabinet specimens. Not many collectors are tempted to shoulder a portion of the trunk of a Sigillaria or a Lepidodendron, say one or two feet in diameter and three or four feet in length, however well preserved the specimen may be. If secured at all, such specimens are generally found to be on June 24, 2015 at University of Auckland http://trngl.lyellcollection.org/ Downloaded from Ure, Hist. Rutherglen and East Kilbride, pi. xi., fig. 5. Common. In the roof shales along with, the preceding species, in the same localities; also in sandstone, coal measures, Campbeltown; Kiltongue coal, Carluke; in slaty-band, and shale of Bellside ironstone, Shotts. 4. A. SERRA, Lindl. lire, pL xi., fig. 3. Bare. Roof shales, upper coal measures, Airdrie. 5. CYCLOPTERIS DILATATA, Lindl. Ure, pi. xii, fig. 1. Bather rare. In roof shales. Baillieston; Butherglen; and in the Airdrie coal field. 6. C. ORBICULARIS, Brong. Bather rare. Found along with the preceding species, in the same localities; also in clay-ironstone nodules, upper coal measures, Ayr shire ; and in shale, Bae's Gill, Carluke. 7. NEUROPTERIS GIGANTEA, Sternb. Ure, pi. xi., fig. 4. Not uncommon in nodules of impure clay-ironstone, and in the roof shales of several of the coal seams. Carluke; Airdrie; Baillieston; "Woodhill quarry, Kilmaurs. 8. N. HETEROPHYLLIA, Brong. Occurs along with N. gigantea, in the same localities. 9. N. LOSHU, Brong. The same observations apply to this species as to the two preceding. It is also common in the Stevenston coal field. on June 24, 2015 at University of Auckland http://trngl.lyellcollection.org/ Downloaded from OF THE WEST OF SCOTLAND. 7 10. PECOPTERIS ABBREVIATA, Brong. MS. Very rare. In clay-ironstone nodules, upper coal measures, "Woodhill quarry, Kilmaurs, along with Xylobius Sigillarice. 11. P. ADIANTOIDES, Lindl. Bare. Coal measures, near Bathgate. 12. P. CHJEROPHYLLOIDES, Brong. Bare. In shale, Carluke. 13. P. DENTATA, Lindl. Ure, pi. xii., fig. 2. Rare. In roof shales. Airdrie; Baillieston; first calmy limestone series, Carluke. 14. P. LACINIATA, Lindl. Rare. Crossford, in sandy shale. P. LOSHII, Brong. Rare. In aluminous shale, splint and main coals, Carluke. P. MURICATA, Brong. Rare. Roof shales, Airdrie coal field. P. NERVOSA, Brong. Not common. In shale, Carluke and Airdrie. SPHENOPTERIS AFFINIS, Lindl Rare. In shale at Auchengree, Dairy; in shale, Rae's Gill, Carluke. S. ARTEMISI/EFOLTA, Sterrib. Rare. In roof shales, Airdrie. S. BIFIDA, Lindl. Very rare. In shale, marine limestone series, Campsie; Nitshill. S. BRONGNIARTII, Lindl. Yery rare. In shale, Glasgow coal field. 22 . S. CRENATA, Lindl. Tire, pi. xii.. fig. 5, Rare. "Watston, Stonehouse. 23. S. DILATATA, Lindl. Upper coal measures. Baillieston. 24. S. EXCELSA, Lindl. Rare. Coat Castle, Stonehouse, in clay-band ironstone. 25. S. HIBBERTII, Lindl. Rare. Upper coal measures. In bituminous shale, banks of the Avon, near Hamilton. 26. 13. HONINGHAUSI, Brong. Upper coal measures. Baillieston. on June 24, 2015 at University of Auckland http://trngl.lyellcollection.org/ Downloaded from 8 ON THE CARBONIFEROUS FOSSILS 27. S. LATIFOLIA, Brong. Upper coal measures. Baillieston, in roof of Pyotshaw coal. 28. S. MACTLENTA, Lindl. Very rare. Coat Castle, Stonehouse. 29. S. POLYPHYLLA, Lindl. Very rare. Crossford, in sandy shale. EQUISETACEiE. 30. 1 ASTEROPHYLLITES CHARfflFORMIS, Stemb. Bare. Slaty-band ironstone, Shotts. 31. A. DUBIA, Brong. Ure, pi. x., fig. 6. Bare. In roof shales, and impure clay-ironstone nodules, upper coal measures. Baillieston; Airdrie. 32. A. FOLIOSUS, Lindl. Ure, pi. xii., fig. 4. Found with the preceding species in the same localities; also at Shotts. 33. A. GALIOIDES, Lindl Ure, pi. fig.Z. Bare. In roof shales and impure clay-ironstone nodules. Baillieston; Airdrie. This and the preceding species are frequently obtained in sinking pits to the slaty-band ironstone, Shotts. 34. A. GRANDIS, Lindl. Very rare. Butherglen, in light-coloured clay shale. 35. A. LONGIFOLIA, Brong. Ure, pi. x., figs. 4, 5. Bare. Occurs along with the preceding species in the same localities ; also at Kilmarnock. 36. A. TUBERCULATA, Sternb. Bare. Howlet Gill, Lesmahagow, in sandy shale; in shale 30 fathoms above the slaty-band ironstone, Shotts; Baillieston, in roof of Pyotshaw coal. 37. CAT, A MITES APPROXIMATES, Brong. Bare. Drumgray coal, Castlehill, Carluke; casts in sandstone strata, Glasgow; Stevenston, Ayrshire; in shale, Virtue Well coal, Shotts. 38. C. CANN-EPORMIS, Schlot. Ure, pi. x., figs. 1, 2. Not uncommon. Casts in sandstone, and crushed specimens in shale. Carluke; Airdrie; Cambuslang Glen; Bellsideironstone, Shotts. "In freestone at the east quarry of Butherglen."-Ure. l The species of this genus are the foliage of Catamites. on June 24, 2015 at University of Auckland http://trngl.lyellcollection.org/ Downloaded from OP THE WEST OP SCOTLAND. 9 39. C. IN^QUALIS, Lindl. Rare. Casts in sandstone, Lanarkshire coal field; and in the Kiltongue coal, Carluke. 40. C. NODOSUS, Schlot. Rare. Casts in sandstone and impressions in shale. Drumgray coal, Shotts and Carluke; Airdrie; Baillieston. 41. C. PACHYDERMA, Brong. Rare. Casts in sandstone, "Wishaw; Drumgray coal, Carluke. 42. C. UNDULATUS, Brong. Rare. Drumgray coal, Carluke; casts in sandstone, coal measures, Airdrie. 43. PINNTJLARIA CAPTLLACEA, Lindl. (Roots of CalamUe8.) Ure, pi. x., figs. 7, 8. Rare. Coal measures, Lanarkshire. "Stonelaw."--Ure. 44. SPHENOPHYLLTJM EROSUM, Lindl. Rather rare. In roof shales. Carluke; Baillieston; Rutherglen. 45. S. SCHLOTHEIMII, Brong. Yery rare. Crossford, in sandy shale; Baillieston, in roof of Pyotshaw coal. 46. YOLKMANNIA MORRISII, Hooher. (Fruit of a species of Calamites.) Yery rare. In shale, Rae's Gill, Carluke. A specimen of what seems to be the stem of this plant was found in the marine limestone shales of High Blantyre. LYCOPODIACEiE. 47. FLEMTNOITES GRACILIS, Carruihers, Geol. Mag. Vol. II. pL 12. Rather rare. Slaty-band ironstone, Lanarkshire coal field. 48. FAVULARIA TESSELLATA, Brong. Rare, Coal-shale, Airdrie; Kiltongue coal, Castlehill, Carluke; in shale, main coal, Shotts. 49. HALONIA TORTUOSA, Lindl. Rare. Drumgray coal, Carluke; casts in blackband ironstone, Lanark shire coal field. 50. H. TUBERCULOSA, Lindl. Rather rare. Casts in sandstone and blackband ironstone. Stevenston; Carluke; Airdrie. Specimens from the volcanic ash-beds, Laggan Bay, Arran, show the internal structure. 51. RNORRIA TAXINA, Lindl. (Internal cast of Lepidodendroid trunks.) Not common. Casts in sandstone. Giffnock; Nethanfoot; Stockbriggs, Lesmahagow; in sandstone, Partick gas-work. A species of Knorria occurs at Brock's Hole and Braidwood Gill, Carluke, below the Tower coal and above the Maggy ironstones. on June 24, 2015 at University of Auckland http://trngl.lyellcollection.org/ Downloaded from 10 ON THE CARBONIFEROUS FOSSILS 52. LEPIDODENDRON DILATATUM, Lindl. Rare. Drumgray coal, Carluke ; Shotts. 53. L. ELEGANS, Brong. Ure, pi. xiiL, fig. 3. Not uncommon. This species has a wide vertical range in our coal measures, and occurs as casts in sandstone and ironstone, and crushed examples in shale. Drumgray coal, Carluke; Shotts; Airdrie; Rae's Gill ironstone, Carluke; Campbeltown; Brockley, in blackband ironstone shale. " On inflammable till, found above coal, at Stonelaw."-Ure. 54. L. GRAOILE, Lindl. Bather rare. Found as casts and crushed impressions in blackband ironstone and sandy shales. Bae's Gill beds, Carluke; Brockley, along with the preceding species; in shale, Virtue "Well coal, Shotts. 55. L. HARCOURTII, Lindl. Bare. Casts in sandstone and ironstone. Drumgray coal, Carluke; Pit Cone, Dairy, in shales above blackband ironstone. 56. L. OBOVATUM, Sternb. Ure, pi. xiii., fig. 4. Not uncommon. Blackband ironstone, Possil; Go van; Bishopbriggs and Cadder; Banton, Kilsyth; Pit Cone, Dairy; Campbeltown. " In an argillaceous freestone, in the bed of theCalder, near Torrance."-Ure. 57. L. SELAGINOIDES, Sternb. Bather rare. Occurs as impressions in sandy shales and ironstones. Drumgray coal, Castlehill, Carluke; Banton ; Possil. 58. L. STERNBERGII, Brong. Ure, pi. xiii., fig. 6. Bare. Casts in sandstone, and impressions of crushed specimens in shale. Banton; Campbeltown; Bae's Gill beds, Carluke ; Shotts; in sandstone, Byers' Boad, Partick; Butherglen, in shale above the splint coaL " In the ironstone mines, in the lands of Basket."-Ure. 59; L. TRANSVERSUM, Brong. Bare. Casts in sandstone, and impressions of crushed specimens in shale. Glasgow; Banton. 60. LEPIDOPHLOIOS "WONSCHIANA, Garruihers. Specimens showing the internal structure occur in the volcanic ashbeds, Laggan Bay, Arran. 61. LEPIDOPHYLLUM LANCEOLATTJM, Brong.