Allosteric Communication in the Dynein Motor Domain

Gira Bhabha, Hui-Chun Cheng, Nan Zhang, Arne Moeller, Maofu Liao, Jeffrey A. Speir, Yifan Cheng, Ronald D. Vale
2014 Cell  
Dyneins power microtubule motility using ringshaped, AAA-containing motor domains. Here, we report X-ray and electron microscopy (EM) structures of yeast dynein bound to different ATP analogs, which collectively provide insight into the roles of dynein's two major ATPase sites, AAA1 and AAA3, in the conformational change mechanism. ATP binding to AAA1 triggers a cascade of conformational changes that propagate to all six AAA domains and cause a large movement of the "linker," dynein's
more » ... element. In contrast to the role of AAA1 in driving motility, nucleotide transitions in AAA3 gate the transmission of conformational changes between AAA1 and the linker, suggesting that AAA3 acts as a regulatory switch. Further structural and mutational studies also uncover a role for the linker in regulating the catalytic cycle of AAA1. Together, these results reveal how dynein's two major ATPbinding sites initiate and modulate conformational changes in the motor domain during motility.
doi:10.1016/j.cell.2014.10.018 pmid:25417161 pmcid:PMC4269335 fatcat:wje4as5bznea7n4glscrypnqvy