MicroCast: Cooperative Video Streaming using Cellular and D2D Connections [article]

Anh Le, Lorenzo Keller, Hulya Seferoglu, Blerim Cici, Christina Fragouli, Athina Markopoulou
2014 arXiv   pre-print
We consider a group of mobile users, within proximity of each other, who are interested in watching the same online video at roughly the same time. The common practice today is that each user downloads the video independently on her mobile device using her own cellular connection, which wastes access bandwidth and may also lead to poor video quality. We propose a novel cooperative system where each mobile device uses simultaneously two network interfaces: (i) the cellular to connect to the
more » ... server and download parts of the video and (ii) WiFi to connect locally to all other devices in the group and exchange those parts. Devices cooperate to efficiently utilize all network resources and are able to adapt to varying wireless network conditions. In the local WiFi network, we exploit overhearing, and we further combine it with network coding. The end result is savings in cellular bandwidth and improved user experience (faster download) by a factor on the order up to the group size. We follow a complete approach, from theory to practice. First, we formulate the problem using a network utility maximization (NUM) framework, decompose the problem, and provide a distributed solution. Then, based on the structure of the NUM solution, we design a modular system called MicroCast and we implement it as an Android application. We provide both simulation results of the NUM solution and experimental evaluation of MicroCast on a testbed consisting of Android phones. We demonstrate that the proposed approach brings significant performance benefits without battery penalty.
arXiv:1405.3622v1 fatcat:awhpzrqoyfb5jhpwy4pr33fwma