Concurrent Hearing and Genetic Screening of 18 001 Neonates with Hearing Diagnose in Nantong, China [post]

Jianhua Chen, Qingwen Zhu, Jingyu Li, Jing Wang, Wenjun Bian, Mengsi Lin, Wei Lei
2021 unpublished
Objectives: Concurrent hearing and genetic screening of newborns is expected to play an important role in the early detection and diagnosis of congenital deafness, which triggers an intervention, as well as in predicting late-onset and progressive hearing loss and identifying individuals who are at risk of drug-induced hearing loss (HL).Methods: A Deafness Gene Variant Detection Array Kit covering fifteen variants in four genes was used to screen for deafness genes in 18001 infants.Results: A
more » ... nfants.Results: A total of 108 neonates did not pass the second hearing screening. In addition, 912 (5.07%) screened positive for deafness-associated variants, including 78 (0.43%) genetically referred and 834 (4.63%) genetic deafness-associated variant carriers. Of the 912 screened positive cases, 880 passed the hearing screening, and 32 failed. A total of 62 (0.34%) cases carried the mtDNA 12S rRNA variants. A total of 108 cases did not pass the hearing screening and underwent a hearing diagnostic examination. An expanded DNA test identified 17 patients who possessed deafness gene mutations, increasing the detection rate to 5.16%.Conclusion: Early detection, diagnosis, and interventions are necessary for newborns who are susceptible to deafness. A good strategy is to use a small panel to quickly screen all subjects and then apply an extended panel to study the cause of deafness in affected patients.
doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-404100/v1 fatcat:k34qn32jzfhljneytha2zarqn4