Measuring temporal dynamics of functional networks using phase spectrum of fMRI data

Felice T. Sun, Lee M. Miller, Mark D'Esposito
2005 NeuroImage  
We present a novel method to measure relative latencies between functionally connected regions using phase-delay of functional magnetic resonance imaging data. Derived from the phase component of coherency, this quantity estimates the linear delay between two time-series. In conjunction with coherence, derived from the magnitude component of coherency, phase-delay can be used to examine the temporal properties of functional networks. In this paper, we apply coherence and phase-delay methods to
more » ... MRI data in order to investigate dynamics of the motor network during task and rest periods. Using the supplementary motor area (SMA) as a reference region, we calculated relative latencies between the SMA and other regions within the motor network including the dorsal premotor cortex (PMd), primary motor cortex (M1), and posterior parietal cortex (PPC). During both the task and rest periods, we measured significant delays that were consistent across subjects. Specifically, we found significant delays between the SMA and the bilateral PMd, bilateral M1, and bilateral PPC during the task condition. During the rest condition, we found that the temporal dynamics of the network changed relative to the task period. No significant delays were measured between the SMA and the left PM and left M1; however, the right PM, right M1, and bilateral PPC were significantly delayed with respect to the SMA. Additionally, we observed significant map-wise differences in the dynamics of the network at task compared to the network at rest. These differences were observed in the interaction between the SMA and the left M1, left superior frontal gyrus, and left middle frontal gyrus. These temporal measurements are important in determining how regions within a network interact and provide valuable information about the sequence of cognitive processes within a network. D
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2005.05.043 pmid:16019230 fatcat:tni3j6sn2ba2bga7eonbadw6y4