The Effects of Children's Age on the Non-employment Duration of Married Women In Indonesia
Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Indonesian Economy and Development (ICIED 2017)
Researches in developed countries, especially in western countries, explained the dynamics of women labor supply during life cycle indicated by exit and re-entry in the workforce. The participation rate of female labor force to return to employment is lower when women are in the early years of childbirth and is higher when the children have grown. In the last decade, although the national female Labor Force Participation Rate (LFPR) in Indonesia was still lower than that of male, it showed an
... ale, it showed an increase, from 48.08 percent in 2006, rising to 50.77 percent in 2016. Interestingly, the peak of women's LFPR is in the 40-44 age group (62.28 percent) or higher than the youth group of 20-24 years old (53.82 percent) which is the prime age group to enter the workforce. Despite the lack of research on women re-entering to the labor market, it can be expected that women in Indonesia may have a high probability of returning to work after childbirth. This study is aimed to find the effects of children age on the unemployment duration of married women to enter labor market by using survival analysis method. The set of covariates used the age of the youngest children, number of children, the age of women, educational attainment, and residence. Based on the data of Indonesia Family Life Survey (IFLS) in 2007 and 2014, it showed that the age of the youngest children has a significant association with the duration of non-employment of married women in Indonesia. Furthermore, the age of women and educational attainment also showed a significant relationship, while number of children and residential area did not show any significant relationship with hazard rate to work.