Antineoplastic 31-Norcycloartanones from Solanum cernuum Vell
Zeitschrift für Naturforschung C - A Journal of Biosciences
Triterpenoids with 31-norcycloartanone structure were isolated for the first time from the Solanum genus. Cycloeucalenone and 24-oxo-31-norcycloartanone were the main constituents of the dichloromethane extract of Solanum cernuum Vell. leaves [7% (w/w) and 1.47% (w/w)]. Both triterpenoids were tested against human tumour cell lines, and 24-oxo-31-norcycloartanone was significantly active and selective against the lung tumour cell line NCI-H460 with total growth inhibition at 1.10 μg/mL, growth
... 1.10 μg/mL, growth inhibition 50 at 0.19 μg/mL and lethal concentration 50 at 8.43 μg/mL, while cycloeucalenone showed poor activity. A homologous series of alkanes (C25-C34), β-sitosterol, and the xanthophyll lutein were also identified. The antiulcer activity was assayed for the dichloromethane extract. In the gastric ulcer model induced by 95% ethanol, administration of 500, 1000 and 2000 mg/kg/po dichloromethane extract gave ulcer lesion indices of, respectively, 38.2, 61.0 and 81.9%, while carbenoxolone inhibited 88.9% at 200 mg/kg. In the gastric ulcer model induced by indomethacin the dichloromethane extract showed a small percentage of lesion inhibition. The ethanol extract was also analyzed and was mainly composed of glycoalkaloids, peptides and disaccharides.