DNA Diagnostics to Identify Internal Feeders (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) of Pome Fruits of Quarantine Importance

N. M. Barcenas, T. R. Unruh, L. G. Neven
2005 Journal of Economic Entomology  
A diagnostic polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method is presented for differentiating among the North American internal apple-feeding pests codling moth, Cydia pomonella (L.); oriental fruit moth, Grapholita molesta (Busck); lesser appleworm, Grapholita prunivora (Walsh); and cherry fruitworm, Grapholita packardi Zeller. An Ϸ470-bp fragment of mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit I (COI) was sequenced in three to six specimens of each species. Consistent and diagnostic differences were
more » ... ed among the species in two regions of COI from which forward and reverse primers were designed to amplify a 112Ð116-bp segment of the gene. The primer sets were used to selectively amplify DNA from specimens of diverse geographic origin for each corresponding target species. Protocols were adapted for conventional and quantitative PCR, the latter being substantially faster. The method was validated as a decision-making tool for quarantine identiÞcations for Mexico by representatives of their phytosanitary agency (Sanidad Vegetal). The method can facilitate identiÞcation of intercepted internal feeding Lepidoptera in apple and pear for many other importing nations.
doi:10.1093/jee/98.2.299 pmid:15889717 fatcat:tvmefb56r5hivjwkt6zl45di6u