Effect of Cooling Rate on the Formation of Nonmetallic Inclusions in X80 Pipeline Steel

Xianguang Zhang, Wen Yang, Haikun Xu, Lifeng Zhang
2019 Metals  
Nonmetallic inclusions have a strong influence on the hydrogen-induced cracking (HIC) and sulfide stress cracking (SSC) in pipeline steels, which should be well controlled to improve the steel resistance to HIC and SSC. The effects of cooling rate on the formation of nonmetallic inclusions have been studied both experimentally and thermodynamically. It was found that the increasing cooling rate increased the number density and decreased the size of the inclusions, while the inverse results were
more » ... obtained by decreasing the cooling rate. Furthermore, as the cooling rate decreased from 10 to 0.035 K/s, the inclusions were changed from Al2O3-CaO to Al2O3-CaO-MgO-CaS. At a high cooling rate, the reaction time is short and the inclusions cannot be completely transformed which should be mainly formed at high temperatures. While, at low cooling rate, the inclusions can be gradually transformed and tend to follow the equilibrium compositions.
doi:10.3390/met9040392 fatcat:glj43r4j4rhwja6vvfnrdiawbi