Analysis of Wal-Mart and Costco in context of Organizational Design and Structure

Kaneez Fatima
2019 Zenodo  
Retail industry is one of the dominant players in U.S economy, generating almost $966 billion a year, which contribute for approximately 5.7% of the U.S GDP annually, with employment to 5 million people. Moreover, since retailing provides a way for products to get to consumers, it also supports the $1.08 trillion wholesaling industry of the U.S. as per Euro monitor, 2017. Wal-Mart Inc. and Costco Wholesaler Corporation are both retail merchandising multinational companies operating domestically
more » ... and internationally. Through descriptive research this paper is an effort towards analysis of both the companies in terms of their organizational design and structure. The study discusses how the companies managing their organizational structure-culture and business strategy to achieve competitive advantage by focusing on 1) Transaction Cost 2) Differentiation and Integration 3) Centralization and Decentralization 4) Standardization and Mutual Adjustments 5) Organic and Mechanistic Structure
doi:10.5281/zenodo.3546937 fatcat:uf6l5w24krg3pexrc42l54tesm