Anton Bartunek
Historical development of pharmaceutical education in relation to the territory of Slovakia from the 14th century until 1918 (second part). The second part of the article is the course of a further, qualitatively higher developmental phase in the education of pharmacists, its essence was the definitive abandonment of the exclusively apprenticeship way of teaching within the pharmacy. This traditional form has remained somewhat preserved, but it has been combined with education within the
more » ... ity. Its foundations can be traced to year 1771. At that time, a regulation on compulsory examinations of all practitioners was adopted at the Medical Faculty of Trnava University. After the gained experience, this obligation was extended in 1772 by the voluntary completion of the three-month course before the exam itself and subsequently in 1774 this course became compulsory. A year later the compulsory course was extended to one year. On the territory of Slovakia, this form of training of pharmacists was very short, as Trnava University was moved to Buda and then to Pest in 1777. In these conditions, again outside Slovakia, there were several reforms that led to the extension of the university studies to two years in 1851, while the four-year thyroid practice in the pharmacies and the subsequent thyroid exam remained preserved. Over the next few years, the study was further improved. In 1851, pharmacists were offered the opportunity to obtain a doctorate in chemistry and in 1861 a doctorate in pharmacy. The last reform regulations within Hungary were adopted in 1912: before the two-year thyroid practice in the pharmacy was already required a high school education with a school-leaving certificate and after the promotion two more so called conditioning years in a pharmacy environment. Only then was a pharmacist capable of doing his / her own work. Two years later, education was reformed by extending its study program with other theoretical and practical subjects. In this form, at a level comparable to a study of pharmacy in developed European countries, students from Slovakia could have completed their education for four years, until the dissolution of Austria-Hungary. The emergence of Czechoslovakia brought a completely new situation: the only option for future pharmacists from Slovakia was the education at the Charles University in Prague. Key words: Training of pharmacists. University of Trnava. Reform of pharmacy studies. Vzdelávanie slovenských farmaceutov v rokoch 1770-1918 V predošlej časti práce opísaná vizitácia bratislavských lekární z roku 1727 a jej žalostný výsledok azda zohrali svoju rolu aj v opatrných pohyboch, ktoré sa začí-najú objavovať vo forme zvýšeného záujmu štátu o oblasť verejného zdravotníctva