Distributionally Linearizable Data Structures [article]

Dan Alistarh, Trevor Brown, Justin Kopinsky, Jerry Z. Li, Giorgi Nadiradze
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Relaxed concurrent data structures have become increasingly popular, due to their scalability in graph processing and machine learning applications. Despite considerable interest, there exist families of natural, high performing randomized relaxed concurrent data structures, such as the popular MultiQueue pattern for implementing relaxed priority queue data structures, for which no guarantees are known in the concurrent setting. Our main contribution is in showing for the first time that, under
more » ... a set of analytic assumptions, a family of relaxed concurrent data structures, including variants of MultiQueues, but also a new approximate counting algorithm we call the MultiCounter, provides strong probabilistic guarantees on the degree of relaxation with respect to the sequential specification, in arbitrary concurrent executions. We formalize these guarantees via a new correctness condition called distributional linearizability, tailored to concurrent implementations with randomized relaxations. Our result is based on a new analysis of an asynchronous variant of the classic power-of-two-choices load balancing algorithm, in which placement choices can be based on inconsistent, outdated information (this result may be of independent interest). We validate our results empirically, showing that the MultiCounter algorithm can implement scalable relaxed timestamps, which in turn can improve the performance of the classic TL2 transactional algorithm by up to 3 times, for some settings of parameters.
arXiv:1804.01018v2 fatcat:srwfszce25hhzho3z6xtkezyim