THE EFFECT OF FUN ATHLETICS EXERCISES ON PSYCHOMOTOR DEVELOPMENT
Sportif Bakış: Spor ve Eğitim Bilimleri Dergisi
The purpose of this research was to investigate the effect of fun athletics exercises on the psychomotor development. The research group consisted of 9 boys and 27 girls with a total of 36 students between 11-14 ages in Kocaeli. In the study, the fun athletics exercises (featured somersault, obstacles to jump, slip under the barrier, slalom, training ladder, double jump, medicine ball handling) applied for 90 minutes a day and 3 days a week over 8 weeks. The data was analyzed with Wilcoxon
... ed Pairs Test and significance level was determined as α=0.05. According to findings of this study significant differences were found between pre and post tests results. As a result this study showed that fun athletic exercises have a positive effect on 11-14 aged children's psychomotor development. SUMMARY Aim: Psychomotor development which lasts during the entire life, deals with all physical changes such as decreasing in motor skills and gaining a new skill. Children's motor development involves the development of movement ability and physical abilities. Fun in athletics is a discipline which aims at the multiple physical developments of children (balance, coordination, flexibility, rhythm, jump, action speed, material recognition, etc.) with various competition and skill test tracks which are designed according to different age groups. In this context, the aim of this study was to investigate the effects of fun in athletics on psychomotor development of children between the ages 11 and 14. Method: 36 students (9 boys and 27 girls [Mage12.05±0.71 years]) who study at Izmit 29 Ekim secondary school attended the study voluntarily after getting the necessary permission from their school management and their parents. In order to evaluate the effects of fun athletics exercises on psychomotor development, a fun in athletics track consisting 7 circuits (forward roll, jump a hurdle, passing under an obstacle, slalom, training ladder, jumping on both feet, lifting med ball) was used. Before the 8-weeks athletics training was applied, students' skills of completing the athletics tracks were evaluated by three different scouts as pre-test results via pre-test observation form. Each student were given points from 1-to 5 and the points given by scouts are like; 1-incapable, 2-poor, 3-mediocre, 4-good, 5-very good. Each student were given two repetitions and the best score was recorded. Fun athletics exercises were applied for 90 minutes every three days during 8 weeks. At the end of 8 weeks the same procedure were done and the best score was recorded by three scouts. In the evaluation of the data was made with SPSS21.0 program and Wilcoxon non-parametric test was applied in comparison of pre-test and post-test differences. The significance level was taken α=0.05. Findings: According to study findings, significant differences were found in pre and post-test values on skills of forwarding roll, jump a hurdle, passing under an obstacle, slalom, training ladder, jumping on both feet, lifting the med ball results (p<0.001). Conclusion: Phenomenon of action is an ordinary case which every human being is supposed to do. Therefore, physical and motoric activities should be stressed on importantly with the purpose of supporting the physical and mental development of children and also making the cognitive factors improve which are gained with sportive activities such as winning, losing, respecting. Consequently, it was revealed that fun athletics exercises have a positive effect on children's physics motor development levels.