Independent Risk Factors for Failure of Nonoperative Management in Patients with Splenic Injury
Medical Science and Discovery
Objective: It is crucial to assess non-operative management (NOM) of risk failures before it is preferred as a management option for treatment of splenic trauma or rupture. The purpose of this study is to investigate the outcome of non-operative management of splenic trauma, and to determine the independent predictive factors effecting NOM failure. Material and Methods: Seventy-seven patients among all of consecutive patients admitted with splenic trauma between January 2005 and June 2015 were
... and June 2015 were included in the study. The patients were divided into two groups. Group 1: Successfully treated with non-operative management, and Group 2: The failure of non-operative management. Data recorded included patient demographics, vital signs, injury mechanism, Injury Severity Score (ISS), splenic trauma grade, hematologic parameters, Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), transfusion requirements, and length of hospital stay. Results: There were 66 (85.7 %) patients in group 1, while only 11 patients (14.3%) in group 2. Mechanism of injury was blunt in seventy-one patients and, penetrating in 6 patients. ISS [Odds Ratio=1.293; 95% CI=1.045-1.601; p=0.018] and blood transfusion [Odds Ratio=2,739; 95% CI= 1.140-6,581; p=0.024] were detected to be an independent predictive factors for the failure of non-operative management. Group 1 has significantly higher hospitalization period (7.73±2.867 vs 6.67±2.289). Conclusions: Non-operative management failure risk is crucial and higher in patients with high ISS and in patients who require much blood transfusion in first 24 hours. Special attention should be paid to these patients if non-operative management becomes the preferred management option.