School Virus Infection Simulator for Customizing School Schedules During COVID-19 [article]

Satoshi Takahashi, Masaki Kitazawa, Atsushi Yoshikawa
2022 arXiv   pre-print
During the Coronavirus 2019 (the covid-19) pandemic, schools continuously strive to provide consistent education to their students. Teachers and education policymakers are seeking ways to re-open schools, as it is necessary for community and economic development. However, in light of the pandemic, schools require customized schedules that can address the health concerns and safety of the students considering classroom sizes, air conditioning equipment, classroom systems, e.g., self-contained or
more » ... compartmentalized. To solve this issue, we developed the School-Virus-Infection-Simulator (SVIS) for teachers and education policymakers. SVIS simulates the spread of infection at a school considering the students' lesson schedules, classroom volume, air circulation rates in classrooms, and infectability of the students. Thus, teachers and education policymakers can simulate how their school schedules can impact current health concerns. We then demonstrate the impact of several school schedules in self-contained and departmentalized classrooms and evaluate them in terms of the maximum number of students infected simultaneously and the percentage of face-to-face lessons. The results show that increasing classroom ventilation rate is effective, however, the impact is not stable compared to customizing school schedules, in addition, school schedules can differently impact the maximum number of students infected depending on whether classrooms are self-contained or compartmentalized. It was found that one of school schedules had a higher maximum number of students infected, compared to schedules with a higher percentage of face-to-face lessons. SVIS and the simulation results can help teachers and education policymakers plan school schedules appropriately in order to reduce the maximum number of students infected, while also maintaining a certain percentage of face-to-face lessons.
arXiv:2110.03615v2 fatcat:xbtzmi2uqne6nkoifk4chb6dzq