Succint analysis of the social expenses in Romania Public expenses for social programmes (% of GDP)
Ase Bucuresti, Maria Luminita, Craciun
The satisfaction of social needs, aiming the improvement of life conditions for each person in a given society, defines an aspect of the importance of public expenses. 1 The amount of public expenses allocated for socio-cultural actions has an essential economic and social rôle and and has effect on the education, the professional training and qualification, the cultural, artistic and civilisation level, the quality of medical assistance and infant mortality, the system of social protection.
... nsition is a crisis process, implying the demolition of an order and the instauration of another. The results of the processes of economic transition may have sometimes dramatic economic, social and human consequences. The prolongation of transition and its high social costs have effects on many social categories and generate a climate of uncertainty and social non-engagement. Romania faced one of the longest process of transition from all ex-communist countries of Central Europe. This prolonged and sometimes regressive transition represents one of major handicaps for Romania in the attempt for emancipation and integration in the system of Occidental democracy. The European economies in transition 2 were effectively and aggressively restructured: decrease of GDP, increase of revenue per capita and institutional and administrative capacity. The strategic options for the social protection are based on: the policy of labour market, the systems of pensions and unimployment insurance, the fight against pauperism, the social policy regarding the deinstitutionalization and development of social assistance services at the community level. The reform of pension systems is now in progress involving the preparation and introduction of multi-pillar systems. The social assistance is testing the means of substistance. In countries successful in pursuing reforms, the economy and the real salaries increased and the unemployment decreased, but is still a problem too. During the period of transition, in Romania the negative social effects of a difficult restructuration were insufficient counterbalanced by a subfinanced social protection system. The percentage of GDP allocated for the public social expenses points at 18