Use of Observed Within-Person Variation of Cardiac Troponin in Emergency Department Patients for Determination of Biological Variation and Percentage and Absolute Reference Change Values

A. J. Simpson, J. M. Potter, G. Koerbin, C. Oakman, L. Cullen, G. J. Wilkes, S. L. Scanlan, W. Parsonage, P. E. Hickman
2014 Clinical Chemistry  
BACKGROUND: Many patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) for assessment of possible acute coronary syndrome (ACS) have low cardiac troponin concentrations that change very little on repeat blood draw. It is unclear if a lack of change in cardiac troponin concentration can be used to identify acutely presenting patients at low risk of ACS. METHODS: We used the hs-cTnI assay from Abbott Diagnostics, which can detect cTnI in the blood of nearly all people. We identified a population
more » ... fied a population of ED patients being assessed for ACS with repeat cTnI measurement who ultimately were proven to have no acute cardiac disease at the time of presentation. We used data from the repeat sampling to calculate total within-person CV (CV T ) and, knowing the assay analytical CV (CV A ), we could calculate within-person biological variation (CV i ), reference change values (RCVs), and absolute RCV delta cTnI concentrations. RESULTS: We had data sets on 283 patients. Men and women had similar CV i values of approximately 14%, which was similar at all concentrations Ͻ40 ng/L. The biological variation was not dependent on the time interval between sample collections (t ϭ 1.5-17 h). The absolute delta critical reference change value was similar no matter what the initial cTnI concentration was. More than 90% of subjects had a critical reference change value Ͻ5 ng/L, and 97% had values of Ͻ10 ng/L. CONCLUSIONS: With this hs-cTnI assay, delta cTnI seems to be a useful tool for rapidly identifying ED patients at low risk for possible ACS.
doi:10.1373/clinchem.2013.219410 pmid:24594781 fatcat:latzskvtzzbcbnq2ovo7wjbtai