Knowledge and Participation of Village and City Communities in Preventing Sexual Violence on Children

Yustiana Olfah, AA Subiyanto, Sapja Anantayu, Mahendra Wijaya
2019 Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health  
A child is a person who is not yet eighteen years oldwho will become a generation of gold and human capital that will determine the direction of Indonesia's future sustainability.The violence on children often occurs in schools, homes and public places. The types of violence for children include physical violence, sexual violence, emotional violence, medical abuse and neglect.Sexual violence includes violence that occurs because of an element of forced sexual will or results in actions by
more » ... in actions by perpetrators who are unwanted and offensive to the victim.In dealing with sexual violence in children, parents must have knowledge, be more open and informative to children, especially sexual education in order to provide maximum assistance so as to prevent children from sexual abuse.The community has a very strong contribution in efforts to prevent sexual violence for children. Method: The population in this study was the dasawisma group from Sleman Yogyakarta Regency which amounted to 112 people.The sample size was 66 people or as many as 33 respondents for each village community group (SidorejoVillage, GodeanSub-District) or the people of the city (Nogotirto Village, Gamping District). The purpose of this study is to know the differences of knowledge level and participation of rural and urban communities in preventing sexual violence in children. Result: The results of this study indicate the knowledge and participation of villagers in preventing sexual violence for children with a significance value of 0.011 while in the urban community the significance value is 0.001. The significance value is less than 5% or 0.05, so it can be stated that the level of knowledge influences a person to participate in preventing sexual Olfah et al (2019): Effort of preventing sexual violence December 2019 Vol. 22 (11B) ©Annals of Tropical Medicine & Public Health S355D violence for children.Conclusion: there are differences in the level of knowledge and participation of rural and urban communities in preventing sexual violence for children
doi:10.36295/asro.2019.221151 fatcat:wnsd2mqv5fck7drowsxxus7oyq