Effects of Ru substitution for Mn on La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 perovskites
Journal of Applied Physics
We report the investigations of crystal structure, electrical resistivity ͑͒, magnetization ͑M͒, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy ͑XPS͒, specific heat ͑C P ͒, thermal conductivity ͑͒, and thermoelectric power ͑TEP͒ on La 0.7 Sr 0.3 ͑Mn 1−x Ru x ͒O 3 ͑LSMRO͒ compounds with x = 0 to 0.90. From the analyzes of crystal structure and magnetization measurements, it is inferred that Ru should have a mixed valence of Ru 3+ and Ru 4+ for LSMRO with low level of Ru substitution, and an additional mixed
... additional mixed valence of Ru 4+ and Ru 5+ with higher Ru substitution. Such a finding is further confirmed by the XPS measurements. Besides, it is found that all measured physical properties undergo pronounced anomalies due to the ferromagnetic-paramagnetic phase transition, and the observed transport properties of LSMRO can be reasonably understood from the viewpoint of polaronic transport. The Curie temperatures T C determined from the magnetization measurements are consistently higher than those of the metal-insulator transitions T MI determined from the transport measurements. By replacing Mn with Ru, both T C and T MI decrease concurrently and the studied materials are driven toward the insulating phase with larger value of x. It is also found that the entropy change during the phase transition is reduced with more Ru substitution. These observations indicate that the existence of Ru has the effect of weakening the ferromagnetism and metallicity of the LSMRO perovskites.