Diet, Obesity, and Sedentary Lifestyle as Risk Factor of Breast Cancer among Women at Yogyakarta Province in Indonesia

Solikhah Solikhah, Dyah Perwitasari, Tria Astika Endah Permatasari, Rosyida Awalia Safitri
2022 Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences  
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer prevalence remains high worldwide, including in Indonesia. Studies examining relationship between obesity, dietary habit, sedentary lifestyle, and breast cancer development are largely inconclusive. AIM: This study aimed to determine relationship between obesity, dietary habit, sedentary lifestyle, and breast cancer risk among women at Yogyakarta Province in Indonesia. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study on 135 women selected purposively during March–May 2019.
more » ... ary logistic regression models were employed in the analysis with 0.05 considered significant. RESULTS: Among study subjects, 54.07% and 40% were, respectively, ≥40 years old and smokers. About 53.33% consumed preserved food 3–6 times/week, and 49% and 50.37% consumed sweet food and beverage >1 time/ day, respectively. High body mass index (BMI) and physical inactivity were associated with 93% and 85% breast cancer risk reductions (adjusted odds ratio [AOR]: 0.07, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.01–0.45, p < 0.01 and AOR: 0.15, 95% CI: 0.05–0.47, p < 0.001). Smoking showed no significant relationship. A waist circumference (WC) of ≤80 was linked to 78% breast cancer risk reduction. Sweet food, sweet beverage, and energy drink consumption of >1 time/day led to 96%, 36%, and 84% reductions of invasive breast cancer risks. Meanwhile, consumption of preserved food 3–6 times/weeks and soft drinks >1 time/day correlated with an increased risk of breast cancer. CONCLUSION: High BMI, physical inactivity, and lower WC were associated with the lower breast cancer risk, while preserved food and soft drink consumption significantly increase the risk. Although sedentary lifestyle seems to have a small protective effect, healthy lifestyle should be encouraged and effective strategies are required to encourage women to adopt healthy lifestyle.
doi:10.3889/oamjms.2022.7228 fatcat:ruck5a5cifeujpk2g2ddfvs3ii